Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet khổng lồ indicate the correct answer khổng lồ each of the following questions.

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She applied for paid leave sầu but her boss rejected her application____________.


Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet lớn indicate the correct answer khổng lồ each of the following questions.

In my small house there are two rooms,____________is used as the living-room.


Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet khổng lồ indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

(A) The more the relative sầu humidity reading (B) rises, (C) the worst the heat (D) affects us.


Read the following passage và mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer khổng lồ each of the questions.

Going to college or university in the United States is very expensive sầu. A year at a prominent four-year university can cost almost 50.000 USD, & this does not include the extra costs of housing, transportation, và other living expenses. There are, of course, less expensive options at colleges that also offer an excellent education. Most four-year colleges cost at least 10.000 USD per year, and many more are in the 20.000 USD lớn 30.000 USD range. For families in the United States, paying for the education of their children has become a major expense. Many families begin saving money from the time their children are born, & some states offer incentive plans for savings programs.

As expensive sầu as the tuition is, it should be noted that this hardly covers all the cost of providing an education. Buildings, equipment, & salary costs are increasingly expensive sầu, with advanced technology adding tremendous costs for laboratories & other specialized facilities. Universities & colleges constantly seek support from foundations, corporations, và industry, as well as from local, state, or federal government.

In addition khổng lồ family funds and savings, there are two main types of funding for college: loans và grants. Loans are borrowed money that must be paid bachồng, with interest, although the interest rates for student loans are lower than for some other types of loans. The early years of many workers" careers are spent trying khổng lồ pay baông xã student loans. Grants, including scholarships, are gifts of money that bởi not have sầu to be paid baông xã, but students often must fulfill certain obligations, such as maintaining a certain grade point average or demonstrating family need, in order to lớn qualify. Scholarships are funds that are earned or competed for, và they may be based on the student"s academic, athletic, or civic performance or on some other condition that has been met by the student or family. Identifying and accessing these funds can be confusing, & even disheartening, for families when they encounter the application forms. Colleges, secondary schools, & other organizations have sầu offices khổng lồ help students learn about funding resources.

Tuition is only the beginning of the financial investment required for a U.S. education. Costs include educational fees - some are paid by everyone each term, others are related to lớn the courses being taken. Students must also pay for housing; books; other materials; meals; health insurance and health care; local day-to-day transportation, including parking; và transportation khổng lồ and from home; telephone và Internet use; & any other expenses. Normally, international students pay the higher out-of-state tuition rate at public institutions.

Which of the following is the best title of the passage?


Read the following passage & mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet lớn indicate the correct answer khổng lồ each of the questions.

Matching the influx of foreign immigrants inkhổng lồ the larger cities of the United States during the late nineteenth century was a domestic migration, from towns và farms khổng lồ cities, within the United States. The country had been overwhelmingly rural at the beginning of the century, with less than 5 percent of Americans living in large towns or cities. The proportion of urban percent by 1880 và lớn 46 percent by 1900. A country with only 6 cities boasting a population of more than 8,000 in 1800 had become one with 545 such cities in 1900. Of these, 26 had a population of more than 100,000 including 3 that held more than a million people. Much of the migration producing an urban society came from smaller towns within the United States, but the combination of new immigrants và old American "settlers" on America’s "urban frontier" in the late nineteenth century proved extraordinary.

The growth of cities và the process of industrialization fed on each other. The agricultural revolution stimulated many in the countryside khổng lồ seek a new life in the city & made it possible for fewer farmers lớn feed the large concentrations of people needed lớn provide a workforce for growing numbers of factories. Cities also provided ready & convenient markets for the products of industry, and huge contracts in transportation và construction - as well as the expanded market in consumer goods - allowed continued growth of the urban sector of the overall economy of the United States.

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Technological developments further stimulated the process of urbanization. One example is the Bessemer converter (an industrial process for manufacturing steel), which provided steel girders for the construction of skyscrapers. The refining of crude oil inlớn kerosene, và later the development of electric lighting as well as of the telephone, brought additional comforts to urban areas that were unavailable khổng lồ rural Americans & helped attract many of them from the farms into lớn the cities. In every era the lure of the city included a major psychological element for country people: the bustle & social interaction of urban life seemed particularly intriguing to those raised in rural isolation.